Wheal Florence (Florence & Tonkin Utd.) Mine, Cornwall
Tamar Valley: grid reference SX368702
Notable minerals: Chalcopyrite.
The mines immediately north of Callington have been known by a large number of names throughout their history. Wheal Florence, once it absorbed Wheal Tonkin was known as Florence and Tonkin United and as Wheal Florence Consols. The group became Callington Consols on the addition of Princess of Wales Mine and Lady Ashburton Mine.
The mine worked three main lodes. These were Main Lode worked from Saw's Shaft and Knowling's or Verran's Shaft, Lead Lode and Hooper's Lode. Tonkin Shaft worked the East Wheal Florence (Tonkin) section of the mine. Princess of Wales Mine also worked three lodes: Vosper's, Great Gossan Lode and South Tin Lode from Harris' Engine Shaft.
Thomas Spargo, the mining historian, wrires of East Wheal Florence, in his book, 'The Mines of Cornwall and Devon: Statistics and Observations' in 1865, he states '... in Callington, Cornwall, in 6,000 shares. Purser, Mr. Knowling, Devonport. Manager, Captain William Verran, Callington. Landowner, Lady Ashburton. Depth of adit, 15 fathoms ; depth below, 6 feet (shaft now being sunk). 21 men and 1 boy employed. Pumping-engine, 25-inch. Rock, clay-slate.
Commenced Midsummer 1863 — prospects good, for the small amount of development.'.
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Other nearby mines and their main ores
Princess of Wales (Lady Ashburton) (approx. 0.4 km; COPPER & TIN)
Kit Hill United (approx. 1.3 km; TIN & COPPER)
Kelly Bray & Redmoor (approx. 1.3 km; TIN, COPPER, LEAD, SILVER, ARSENIC & WOLFRAM)
Wheal Langford (approx. 1.5 km; LEAD, SILVER, ZINC & MANGANESE)
Holmbush (approx. 2.1 km; COPPER, LEAD & SILVER)
Harrowbarrow (approx. 3.4 km; PYRITE & TIN)
Hingston Down (approx. 4.1 km; COPPER & TIN)
Gunnislake Clitters (approx. 5.5 km; COPPER & TIN)
Drakewalls (approx. 5.7 km; TIN, COPPER & ARSENIC)
Danescombe (approx. 5.7 km; COPPER & TIN )